Optimisation Problems

The Pruning Theorem: Thinning Based on a Loose Notion of Monotonicity

Any preorder R induces a lax preorder ∋ . R. If a relation S is monotonic on R∘, it is monotonic on lax preorder ∋ . R. Furthermore, prune (∋ . R) = thin R. Therefore, pruning is a generalisation of thinning. We need the notion of lax preorders because, for some problems, the generating relation S is monotonic on a lax preorder, but not a preorder.